Minoxidil, commercially known as Rogaine, is a solution used to treat hair loss. It comes available as either a 2% solution or a 5% solution, with men typically being given the latter and the former being reserved for women. Rogaine can be applied as either a spray or a lotion on the scalp. One dose equates to 1 ml of solution or half a capful of lotion. It is used twice daily, and those using it should avoid getting their hair wet for at least four hours post-application. After four months, results should be seen. It must be used indefinitely, or within 30 to 60 days hair loss may start up again and within six months any progress made may be lost.
Minoxidil works by both preventing hair loss and promoting new hair growth. It allows the follicles to receive an influx of oxygen, blood and nutrients, which thus stimulate the follicle. It also causes hair to grow in thicker. It works best in younger men under age 30 who have not been experiencing hair loss for longer than five years and have no large areas of baldness.
Once only available by prescription, both the 2% and 5% solutions are now easily accessible as an over-the-counter drug. However, to prevent adverse interactions, Rogaine should not be used with any other topical medications. Pregnant and nursing women should also avoid using the drug as not enough studies have been done with women who are pregnant or nursing.
Generally speaking, Rogaine is well tolerated in individuals. However, there are some Minoxidil side effects. These most commonly include irritation, itching and dryness of the skin. After time, these side effects may diminish or go away completely. One should take care to avoid getting Rogaine in the eyes.
As an easy-to-use topical medication that can be purchased over the counter, Minodoxil is a fantastic solution to hair loss. It is affordable and the side effects are relatively low. It only takes a few moments to use it two times a day.